Understanding how leaders make foreign policy and
national security decisions is of
paramount importance for the policy community and academia. Yet on their own,
neither rational nor cognitive schools of decision-making analysis offer totally
convincing results, and in any case, rigorous decision analysis methodologies
are rarely, if ever, applied to the decisions of world leaders.
How Do Leaders Make
Decisions?: Evidence from the East and West, Part B,
the second in a two-part volume covering a total of ten world leaders, fills this
gap by using the Applied Decision Analysis (ADA) method to explore how figures
such as Putin, Erdogan, Khaled Mashal, Mao, and Saddam Hussein make or made major
decisions of international significance. By analysing the decisions made by key
political figures around the world, past and present, the chapters gathered
here shed light on how they are reached and what policy implications they have
for their own and other nations. The analyses are based on traditional and
contemporary theories of foreign policy decision making, including, but not
limited to, the rational actor model, the cybernetic theory of decision,
poliheuristic theory, and various decision rules, including the elimination-by-aspect
rule and the lexicographic decision rule. Cumulatively, what these chapters
uncover is that foreign and national
security policies can be best explained by tracing the cognitive process
leaders go through in formulating and arriving at their decisions.
groundbreakingly rigorous methodology and its unprecedented scope, this book
and its companion book are essential reading for students, scholars, and
Understanding how leaders make foreign policy and national security decisions is of paramount importance for the policy community and academia. This book explores how leaders such as Trump, Obama, Netanyahu and others make decisions using the Applied Decision Analysis (ADA) method.
The chapters gathered here analyse the decisions made by key political figures around the world, past and present, in order to shed light on how these decisions are made and what policy implications they have for their own and other nations. Several chapters also focus on military decision making,
including around pivotal times in history including the second world war and the evolution of nuclear warfare.
Shared Service Centers (SSCs) support the management of administratively complex enterprises. Originating in the private sector, SSCs have increasingly been adopted in the public sector in an effort to reduce administrative costs, improve the quality of public services, reduce the risk of
management error and make better use of human resources.
The first book to thoroughly examine the organization, development and effectiveness of the shared service market in local governments across Poland, this study explores the process of creating SSCs, the key elements of unit management, the barriers and threats to both the creation and operation of
SSCs, and the strategic technological solutions that local governments have utilized in shared service provision.
The author argues that the implementation of SSCs represents the initial stage on the way to improving the effectiveness of public and local government administration, while stressing that further organizational changes and standardization processes are needed to achieve greater effectiveness, in a
conclusion which makes essential reading for both practitioners in local government and scholars across the fields of public management, administration and economics.
The study of policy networks is usually undertaken in the context of advanced democracies. Turkey, a case with the least favourable conditions for collaborative governance due to its tradition statist policy making and authoritarian political culture, is an under researched area in terms of
exploring the network type of policy collaboration as a phenomenon. This book presents findings produced by micro- and meso-level analysis of policy networks using the Turkish context as a new case study. While this study does not suggest that centralized and hierarchical decision-making
structures within the government are being replaced with horizontal and networked forms of governance, it demonstrates that networks have become an integral part of the practice of policy making within the Turkish health sector. These findings compel scholars of Turkish politics to expand the policy
realm with new issues, actors, instruments, and concepts, and incorporates Turkey into general governance debates. Going beyond the confines of Turkish politics, these findings contradict the recent arguments that call into question the utility of policy networks as analytical concepts that can be
used to explain policy making processes. Policy networks observed in the Turkish case consolidate research regarding treating networks seriously in public administration and public policy research.
This book will prove invaluable for researchers and leaders in the fields of public administration and public policy, particularly within the Turkish context.
In recent years new political actors, drawing on innovative sources of power and legitimacy, have become increasingly influential in world politics. Traditional international politics is being supplemented by non-state actors, organizations, and networks.
The World Economic Forum and Transnational Networking presents an informative investigation of the WEF as a political actor and important part of transnational civil society. Drawing upon extensive original research, Friesen analyzes the surprising role the WEF has played in international processes
such as the campaign for the cancellation of third world debt, a campaign which culminated in the adoption of the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative at the G8 in 2005. Her findings provoke even wider questions about the role and influence of other non-state organizations and about transnational
politics, questions that are particularly pressing at a time when the norms and formal institutional structures of the liberal international order appear to be eroding.
Theoretically rigorous, empirically sound, and engagingly written, this book is essential reading not only for researchers and students within international political economy, but also for practitioners within transnational organizations and transnational civil society campaigns.